Find:
Created: 2017-05-04 09:47:19.553 by: Generation Service
The main objective of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD, 2008/56/EC) is to achieve or to establish and maintain the \"good environmental status\" (GES) until 2020. The Black Sea is one of the fourth marine regions assigned for implementing the MSFD through two countries and EU Member States: Romania and Bulgaria. Through the MSFD Guiding Improvements in the Black Sea Integrated Monitoring System (MISIS Project), for the Romanian waters were defined and delimited the types of the seawater. Using the short and long-term data analysis of the physical parameters (temperature and salinity from available data since 1955 - 2012), the main features of the western Black Sea water bodies was characterized. In addition, the corresponding salinity of water bodies in the western Black Sea were evaluated, using the grid points 0.5 degrees x 0.5 degrees, calculating for each quarter from the corresponding number of measured data: the mean, standard deviation and the coefficient of variation. Based on the physical parameters, the degree of anthropogenic impact, chlorophyll-a concentration, bathymetry etc., four categories of the Romanian Black Sea waters types were identified: RO-TT03 - the northern part, marine waters under the direct influence of the Danube, at depths of at least 30 m; RO-CT01 - the marine waters from the central to the southern area (Portita down to Vama Veche), from the baseline to 30 m isobath; RO-MT01 - that corresponds to the inner and the outer shelf marine area from the 30 m to the 100 m isobaths and RO-MT02 - the perimeter for the type of offshore seawater located at depths of at least 100 m.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: hydrography
Concepts: WATER Black Sea STRATEGY regions water FRAMEWORK
Expressions: water body monitoring system
Places: Black Sea
Organizations: European Union
Created: 2017-05-04 10:46:02.967 by: Generation Service
Various programs and organizations (IMO, UNEP, IOC UNESCO, FAO) and recently the EU MSFD recognized marine litter (ML) as an issue of global threat from environmental, economic, human health and safety, and aesthetic aspect. Among the efforts to combat the problem adequate monitoring and application of harmonized methodological approaches for quantification are essential. This research presents the results of a pilot assessment of bottom ML in the Black Sea during the MISIS Project Joint Black Sea Cruise (22-31 August, 2013) along 3 transects in the NW Black Sea. The aim of the present study is a pilot quantitative assessment of bottom.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: hydrography
Concepts: Pilot Black Sea Assessment
Expressions: pilot assessment pilot quantitative assessment
Places: Black Sea
Organizations: Food and Agriculture Organization UNESCO
Created: 2017-05-04 10:34:44.77 by: Generation Service
A review of the present state and future perspectives of the fishery in the Bulgarian marine part of the Black sea basin is presented. Following the approach suggested by the European Union (2008/56/EC) Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), particular species may be good indicators of specific environmental factors in their local environment. It is advisable to set the indicators for monitoring the healthy state of a marine fisheries ecosystem, concerning both pelagic and benthos organisms before making a suggestions and assessments about any given stock. Formal decision rules using these indicators for maintenance of the fishery ecosystem in a productive condition, and for stock recovery, need to be urgently implemented. In the present paper the example with sprat stock in the Black sea was emphasised. It was found that one of the main objectives for effective and sustainable management of the fish stocks is to make regular annual assessment of the parental stock biomass, length and weight growth, age determination, mortality estimation and reproductive potential estimation. Levels of fishing that break normal productivity of the given stock and to far-reaching effects caused by other environmental variations and anthropogenic activities.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: biology hydrography
Concepts: INDICATORS stock estimation STOCK ecosystem
Expressions: fishery ecosystem mortality estimation
Places: Black Sea
Organizations: European Union
Created: 2017-05-04 11:12:45.415 by: Generation Service
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: hydrography physics
Concepts: Black Sea samples February concentration November
Expressions: retention mechanism concentrations in February
Places: Black Sea
Organizations: Elsevier Ltd.
Created: 2017-05-04 10:47:22.156 by: Generation Service
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) mandates that European Union (EU) member states achieve Good Environmental Status (GEnS) based on an ecosystem-based approach to management. For commercial fisheries, the primary target under the MSFD is one of maximum sustainable yield. Of Black Sea riparian nations, only Romania and Bulgaria are EU member states. Focusing at the supranational level, we review institutions and instruments relevant to management of the Black Sea. The economic values of current fish catches are assessed, and the results of a recent analytical assessment of fish stocks are used to estimate potential future values based on maximum sustainable yields. In the Black Sea region, despite long-standing attempts to improve fisheries management, there remains a lack of effective regional cooperation. Evidence from the scenario analysis suggests that achieving GEnS would not have an undue negative impact on overall fishery sector incomes, and could, with appropriate investments in processing and marketing, deliver increased economic benefits for Black Sea countries. The ongoing policy debate between and within Black Sea coastal states needs to be extended to include recognition of the potential economic and social benefits of effective fisheries management. More work is required to assess returns on investment in interim management measures to deliver GEnS.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: hydrography
Concepts: Black Sea fisheries management
Expressions: EU member states riparian nation
Places: Black Sea
Organizations: European Union
Created: 2017-05-04 09:41:57.286 by: Generation Service
The quality of biological data has gained recognition as an essential part of international monitoring programmes, in response to the demand for strategic environmental evaluations such as the EU WFD, the MSFD and informed decisions for environmental sound management. The paper presents the results of an intercalibration exercise among four Black Sea phytoplankton laboratories (NIMRD-RO, IBSS-LTKR, IO-RAS - RUS and IO-BAS - BLG) conducted under SESAME FP6 Project with the objectives: 1) to assess the degree of comparability of phytoplankton and chlorophyll a data produced by routine in-house methods; 2) to formulate recommendations for progress towards harmonization of the research methodology in the Black Sea. The statistical treatment of the results reveal that at the level of total phytoplankton abundance and biomass as well as chlorophyll a the data were in a good agreement, while for some taxonomic classes (Prymnesiophyccae and small flagellates) the differences were significant. The counted sample volume proves essential for detection of species diversity and the methods of species specific biovolume measurements - for the total biomass. As a follow up Guidelines for QC/QA of phytoplankton data and check-list with suggested shapes for biovolume calculation were produced under UP-Grade Black Sea SCENE FP7 Project that offer key options for progress.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: biology microbiology
Concepts: Phytoplankton volume Black Sea chlorophyll a methods
Expressions: counted sample volume phytoplankton laboratory
Places: Black Sea
Created: 2017-05-04 10:44:36.058 by: Generation Service
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) is an important milestone for the preservation of the European marine environment. However, Member States can find its monitoring requirements challenging, particularly where it regards the definition and implementation of joint monitoring programmes between neighbouring countries. The challenges are even greater in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, where many countries are not members of the European Union and where Regional Sea Conventions face greater difficulties in coordinating monitoring activities. This paper presents the results from two regional workshops, within the framework of IRIS-SES project, which aimed to inform policy-and decision -makers in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea on what key stakeholders, including scientists, academia and local authorities, consider the main gaps, needs and opportunities for the MSFD joint monitoring regarding eutrophication and contaminants. It shows that a bottom-up approach, guided by structured workshops, can be a successful means of enhancing cooperation. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: hydrography
Concepts: monitoring States Black Sea workshops
Expressions: monitoring requirements member state
Places: Black Sea
Organizations: European Union
Created: 2017-05-04 11:02:53.267 by: Generation Service
The Marine and Coastal Atlas was developed in the frame of MISIS project - MSFD GUIDING IMPROVEMENTS IN THE BLACK SEA INTEGRATED MONITORING SYSTEM. The overall goal of the project is to support efforts to protect and restore the environmental quality and sustainability of the Black Sea and also to develop a national integrated monitoring program in line with MSFD standards. This paper provides an overview of the current marine monitoring in the Black Sea, Romanian part. It aims to identify the temporal and spatial gaps, also the type of parameters and it serves as a basis for a decisions related to monitoring activities. Biological and physical parameters are in point format, representing reported stations, defined by coordinates. For each group of parameters, there are maps, charts and tables explaining in detail each indicator - frequency of samples for each point stations frequency, through different size and colors. MISIS coastal and marine atlas consist in a web-map server, a metadata catalogue and the online application. Map Server application was used to incorporate vector and raster data and to access external data through a WebMapService and Smart Atlas application was used as the interface. The online application (http://smartatlas.misisproject.eu/smartatlas/) includes a collection of GIS data layers (vector and raster) representing different national and international monitoring networks (from research institutes, universities, national and local authorities and stakeholders), physical, chemical and biological parameters, statistical analysis, protected areas and general information. The system also features advanced data control such as layer lists, feature selection, tables with information about each item, metadata viewing and links to websites, documents and auxiliary data. The Atlas consists like a portal to coastal data and information from diverse sources national monitoring programs, measurements from different national and international projects such as SeaDataNet or EMODNET.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: mathematics geography
Concepts: ATLAS application BLACK SEA MONITORING information SYSTEM vector
Expressions: GIS data layer metadata viewing
Places: Black Sea
Created: 2017-05-04 11:04:00.63 by: Generation Service
Rapana venosa is a non-indigenous invasive predator on bivalves in the Black Sea. A Rapana fishery has developed in the Black Sea since the 1980s, primarily in Turkey and Bulgaria. The Rapana fishery provides a complex management problem with three groups of objectives: 1. Good economic status; 2. Good environmental status and 3. Cost of implementation. To address the various conflicting objectives of this management problem an ecosystem approach was taken to analyze the problem. Stakeholder workshops were set up in Varna (Bulgaria) and Samsun (Turkey) to discuss and evaluate management alternatives based on environmental (MSFD), economic and implementation objectives. Workshops were attended by fishers, factory owners, nature conservation NGOs, biologists and government representatives. In these workshops multi-criteria analysis was used to communicate information on trade-offs between objectives to generate feedback from the stakeholders. This proved useful as a means to retrieve information from the stakeholders and to identify areas of consensus and conflict. Although the process differed substantially between the Bulgarian and Turkish case studies both workshops showed limited conflict between environmental status and socio-economic status. Analysis showed that the real-trade-off was between these two objectives and the cost of implementation both in terms of monetary expense as in terms of resistance from stakeholders. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: finance stock exchange
Concepts: Stakeholder objectives workshops status
Expressions: stakeholder workshop Rapana fishery
Places: Black Sea
Organizations: Elsevier Ltd.