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Created: 2017-05-04 11:36:57.569 by: Generation Service
ISPRA, on behalf of the Italian Ministry of Environment, carried out the initial assessment of environmental quality status of the 3 Italian subregions (Mediterranean Sea Region) on Descriptor 9. The approach adopted to define the GES started to verify that contaminants in fish and other seafood for human consumption did not exceed levels established by Community legislation (Reg. 1881/2006 and further updates). As the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires to use health tools to assess the environment, Italy decided to adopt a statistical range of acceptance of thresholds identified by national (D. Lgs. 152/2006 concerning water quality required for mussel farms) and international legislation (Reg. 1881/2006 and further updates), which allowed to use the health results and to employ them for the assessment of environmental quality. Italy proposed that Good Environmental Status (GES) is achieved when concentrations are lower than statistical range of acceptance, estimated on samples of fish and fishery products coming from only national waters. GIS-based approach a to perform different integration levels for station, cell's grid and years, was used; the elaborations allowed to judge the environmental quality good.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: food chemistry
Concepts: Quality updates Water health acceptance Descriptor
Expressions: fishery products descriptor 9
Places: Italy
Organizations: Environment Ministry
Created: 2017-05-04 10:14:17.073 by: Generation Service
The use of free-living marine nematodes as ecological indicators (EcoInds) of human impacts has increased greatly in Italy since 1990. This paper is a summary of the Italian research experience in the study of nematode assemblages of shallow water habitats, and provides a breakdown of the most important insights that have been obtained so far. Although nematodes are among the best candidates for the Ecological Quality (EcoQ) assessment in the benthic domain, many guidelines need to be developed and limits overcome. Italian research has certainly contributed to the achievement of this purpose with highly focused local investigations on the effects of specific stressors (riverine and sewage discharge, aquaculture, trace elements and hydrocarbons), but also to a large extent with wider analyses aimed at finding new and valuable tools for monitoring programs and useful nematode descriptors, in line with the European Directives. Currently, the Italian and foreign experiences in this field draw light to the fact that the best nematode descriptors for the EcoQ assessment are the taxonomic composition and life strategy traits. However, nematode worldwide research is running the risk of being marginalized because of the relatively narrow scope of most contemporary studies. Nematode researchers should work in a nematologist community in order to better promote the use of nematodes such as EcoInds in the era of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) and Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). In the present paper, possible steps to obtain this goal are brought to the reader's attention and discussed.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: zoology
Concepts: nematodes research use free-living
Expressions: nematode assemblage monitoring programs
Places: Italy
Created: 2017-05-04 10:58:30.326 by: Generation Service
On June 2013 a workshop at the University of Siena (Italy) was organized to review current knowledge and to clarify what is known, and what remains to be investigated, concerning plastic litter in the sea. The content of the workshop was designed to contribute further to the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) following an inaugural workshop in 2012. Here we report a number of statements relevant to policymakers and scientists that was overwhelming agreement from the participants. Many might view this as already providing sufficient grounds for policy action. At the very least, this early warning of the problems that lie ahead should be taken seriously, and serve as a stimulus for further research. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: hydrography
Concepts: Plastic sea litter
Expressions: plastic litter in the sea plastic litter
Places: Italy
Organizations: Marine Strategy Framework Directive
Created: 2017-05-04 11:22:19.601 by: Generation Service
This work evaluated the presence and the frequency of occurrence of marine litter in the gastrointestinal tract of 31 Caretta caretta found stranded or accidentally bycaught in the North Tyrrhenian Sea. Marine debris were present in 71% of specimens and were subdivided in different categories according to Fulmar Protocol (OSPAR 2008). The main type of marine debris found was user plastic, with the main occurrence of sheetlike user plastic. The small juveniles showed a mean +/- SD of marine debris items of 19.00 +/- 23.84, while the adult specimens showed higher values of marine litter if compared with the juveniles (26.87 +/- 35.85). The occurrence of marine debris observed in this work confirms the high impact of marine debris in the Mediterranean Sea in respect to other seas and oceans, and highlights the importance of Caretta caretta as good indicator for marine litter in the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) of European Union. 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: marine biology
Concepts: debris loggerhead turtle plastic
Expressions: frequency of occurrence adult specimen
Places: Italy Mediterranean Sea
Organizations: European Union
Created: 2018-04-17 14:08:09.97 by: Francesco De Leo
Quantification of deterministic and stochastic components of environmental change that lead to outbreaks of Jellyfish
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/fdl
Domains: geography marine biology
Concepts: outbreaks jellyfish method Drivers jellyfish bootstrap sites October use analysis yrs number P. result canyons
Expressions: noctiluca in the Mediterranen Sea P. noctiluca blooms toa stranding data time series envi ronmental predictor
People: Jason Roberts Antonio Canepa
Places: Spain Italy
Organizations: Interior
Created: 2018-08-01 14:59:11.307 by: Generation Service
Paper abstract:The effects on coastal lagoons of floods resulting from intense rainfall need to be assessed using a multidisciplinary approach, able to describe in real time the occurrence of changes in sediment quality, anticipating risk situations. Even if results exclude the occurrence of serious contamination events as a consequence of the flood, the runoff resulting from the intense rainfall event has caused a pollutant load in the lagoon, consistent with the localization of the main anthropogenic activities in the catchment area.
Creator: http://everest.psnc.pl/users/generation_service/
Domains: hydrography
Concepts: event flood effects
Expressions: Varano lagoon consequence of the flood
Places: Italy
Created: 2016-09-23 11:50:01.519 by: http://eesj.livejournal.com/
This is a Workflow RO. The workflow is used to model ground deformation from satellite InSAR (Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar) data observed at Campi Flegrei (Italy) during 2011-2013 (up to 15 cm uplift), in order to derive the magmatic source characteristics. The RO is based on the Volcano Source Modelling (VSM) software tool by INGV. The VSM performs geophysical inversion modeling of geodetic datasets of observation of ground deformation to retrieve the parameters of the causative magmatic source. A magmatic source can be approximated (modeled) by a confined part of crust with a certain shape (e.g., a sphere, a sill, a dyke, a spheroid), which is inflating/deflating because of a change in the internal pressure. Each shape is going to generate a certain surface deformation pattern, and comparing the modeled deformation with that actually observed at the surface, it is possible to estimate the best-fit source parameters. The VSM tool carries out this task by minimizing the difference between the observed and the computed displacement field, through a process called data inversion.
Creator: http://eesj.livejournal.com/
Domains: geology
Concepts: deformation Italy source caldera yr March deformation unrest
Expressions: caldera center geochemical data maximum velocity
People: Maurizio Bonafede
Places: Italy
Organizations: University of Bologna
Created: 2018-02-09 05:39:03.569 by: http://eesj.livejournal.com/
This is a Workflow RO. The workflow is used to model ground deformation from satellite InSAR (Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar) data observed at Campi Flegrei (Italy) during 2011-2013 (up to 15 cm uplift), in order to derive the magmatic source characteristics. The RO is based on the Volcano Source Modelling (VSM) software tool by INGV. The VSM performs geophysical inversion modeling of geodetic datasets of observation of ground deformation to retrieve the parameters of the causative magmatic source. A magmatic source can be approximated (modeled) by a confined part of crust with a certain shape (e.g., a sphere, a sill, a dyke, a spheroid), which is inflating/deflating because of a change in the internal pressure. Each shape is going to generate a certain surface deformation pattern, and comparing the modeled deformation with that actually observed at the surface, it is possible to estimate the best-fit source parameters. The VSM tool carries out this task by minimizing the difference between the observed and the computed displacement field, through a process called data inversion.
Creator: http://eesj.livejournal.com/
Domains: geology
Concepts: deformation Italy source caldera yr March deformation unrest
Expressions: caldera center geochemical data maximum velocity
People: Maurizio Bonafede
Places: Italy
Organizations: University of Bologna
Created: 2016-10-11 09:07:25.927 by: http://eesj.livejournal.com/
This is a Workflow RO. The workflow is used to model ground deformation from satellite InSAR (Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar) data observed at Campi Flegrei (Italy) during 2011-2013 (up to 15 cm uplift), in order to derive the magmatic source characteristics. The RO is based on the Volcano Source Modelling (VSM) software tool by INGV. The VSM performs geophysical inversion modeling of geodetic datasets of observation of ground deformation to retrieve the parameters of the causative magmatic source. A magmatic source can be approximated (modeled) by a confined part of crust with a certain shape (e.g., a sphere, a sill, a dyke, a spheroid), which is inflating/deflating because of a change in the internal pressure. Each shape is going to generate a certain surface deformation pattern, and comparing the modeled deformation with that actually observed at the surface, it is possible to estimate the best-fit source parameters. The VSM tool carries out this task by minimizing the difference between the observed and the computed displacement field, through a process called data inversion.
Creator: http://eesj.livejournal.com/
Domains: geology
Concepts: deformation Italy source caldera yr March deformation unrest
Expressions: caldera center geochemical data maximum velocity
People: Maurizio Bonafede
Places: Italy
Organizations: University of Bologna
Created: 2016-10-11 09:07:25.927 by: http://eesj.livejournal.com/
This is a Workflow RO. The workflow is used to model ground deformation from satellite InSAR (Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar) data observed at Campi Flegrei (Italy) during 2011-2013 (up to 15 cm uplift), in order to derive the magmatic source characteristics. The RO is based on the Volcano Source Modelling (VSM) software tool by INGV. The VSM performs geophysical inversion modeling of geodetic datasets of observation of ground deformation to retrieve the parameters of the causative magmatic source. A magmatic source can be approximated (modeled) by a confined part of crust with a certain shape (e.g., a sphere, a sill, a dyke, a spheroid), which is inflating/deflating because of a change in the internal pressure. Each shape is going to generate a certain surface deformation pattern, and comparing the modeled deformation with that actually observed at the surface, it is possible to estimate the best-fit source parameters. The VSM tool carries out this task by minimizing the difference between the observed and the computed displacement field, through a process called data inversion.
Creator: http://eesj.livejournal.com/
Domains: geology
Concepts: deformation Italy source caldera yr March deformation unrest
Expressions: caldera center geochemical data maximum velocity
People: Maurizio Bonafede
Places: Italy
Organizations: University of Bologna