Created: 2017-04-18 10:59:26.298 by: Generation Service
Oficial periodic report for the volcano Flegrei: Bollettino_Flegrei_2015_07_07.pdf
Domains: termini burocratici economia
Concepts: Dipartimento della Protezione Civile gennaio Campi Flegrei stazione dati luglio deformazioni
Expressions: accordo di programma ipocentri dei terremoti serie temporale delle variazioni
Places: Campi Flegrei
Organizations: RITE
Created: 2017-05-23 11:22:39.581 by: Generation Service
Oficial Daily Hazard Assessment for:2016-12-18
Domains: meteorology
Concepts: Flood December risk Warnings FOG days Hazards
Expressions: flood Forecasting Centre flood risk flood warning December December December December December warnings warning
Places: United Kingdom England
Organizations: Meteorological Office
Created: 2017-05-23 12:36:26.974 by: Generation Service
Oficial Daily Hazard Assessment for:2016-11-26
Domains: ecology
Concepts: Flood risk days November Warnings
Expressions: surface waterThe surface water flood risk flood warning November November November November November flood guidance statement
Places: England
Organizations: Meteorological Office
Created: 2017-12-13 15:46:36.365 by: Sergio Ferraresi
Concepts: discovery
Created: 2017-05-04 09:23:21.086 by: Generation Service
The sustainable exploitation of marine ecosystem services is dependent on achieving and maintaining an adequate ecosystem state to prevent undue deterioration. Within the European Union, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires member states to achieve Good Environmental Status (GEnS), specified in terms of 11 descriptors. We analyzed the complexity of social-ecological factors to identify common critical issues that are likely to influence the achievement of GEnS in the Northeast Atlantic (NEA) more broadly, using three case studies. A conceptual model developed using a soft systems approach highlights the complexity of social and ecological phenomena that influence, and are likely to continue to influence, the state of ecosystems in the NEA. The development of the conceptual model raised four issues that complicate the implementation of the MSFD, the majority of which arose in the Pressures and State sections of the model: variability in the system, cumulative effects, ecosystem resilience, and conflicting policy targets. The achievement of GEnS targets for the marine environment requires the recognition and negotiation of trade-offs across a broad policy landscape involving a wide variety of stakeholders in the public and private sectors. Furthermore, potential cumulative effects may introduce uncertainty, particularly in selecting appropriate management measures. There also are endogenous pressures that society cannot control. This uncertainty is even more obvious when variability within the system, e.g., climate change, is accounted for. Also, questions related to the resilience of the affected ecosystem to specific pressures must be raised, despite a lack of current knowledge. Achieving good management and reaching GEnS require multidisciplinary assessments. The soft systems approach provides one mechanism for bringing multidisciplinary information together to look at the problems in a different light.
Domains: ecology
Concepts: ecosystem systems GEnS effects targets Status
Expressions: ecosystem service achievement of gens target
Places: Atlantic Ocean
Organizations: National Endowment for the Arts
Created: 2017-05-04 09:33:31.176 by: Generation Service
In its decision (20101477/EU) relating to the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD, 2008/56/EC), the European Commission identified the following points as focuses for monitoring: (i) 10.1.1: Trends in the amount, source and composition of litter washed ashore and/or deposited on coastlines, (ii) 10.1.2: Trends in the amount and composition of litter in the water column and accumulation on the sea floor, (iii) 10.1.3: Trends in the amount, distribution and composition of micro-particles (mainly microplastics), and (iv) 10.2.1: Trends in the amount and composition of litter ingested by marine animals. Monitoring the impacts of litter will be considered further in 2014. At that time, the strategy will be discussed in the context of the Mediterranean Sea, providing information on constraints, protocols, existing harm and research needed to support monitoring efforts. The definition of targets and acceptable levels of harm must take all factors into account, whether entanglement ingestion, the transport and release of pollutants, the transport of alien species and socioeconomic impacts. It must also reflect on the practical deployment of \"ingestion\" measures (10.2.1). The analysis of existing data will reveal the potential and suitability of some higher trophic level organisms (fish, turtles, birds and mammals) for monitoring the adverse effects of litter. Sea turtles appear to be useful indicator species, but the definition of an ecological quality objective is still needed, as well as research on alternative potential indicator species. (c) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Domains: hydrography ecology
Concepts: litter composition amount species Trends impact
Expressions: socioeconomic impact entanglement ingestion
Places: Mediterranean Sea
Organizations: European Union European Community
Created: 2017-05-04 09:47:19.553 by: Generation Service
The main objective of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD, 2008/56/EC) is to achieve or to establish and maintain the \"good environmental status\" (GES) until 2020. The Black Sea is one of the fourth marine regions assigned for implementing the MSFD through two countries and EU Member States: Romania and Bulgaria. Through the MSFD Guiding Improvements in the Black Sea Integrated Monitoring System (MISIS Project), for the Romanian waters were defined and delimited the types of the seawater. Using the short and long-term data analysis of the physical parameters (temperature and salinity from available data since 1955 - 2012), the main features of the western Black Sea water bodies was characterized. In addition, the corresponding salinity of water bodies in the western Black Sea were evaluated, using the grid points 0.5 degrees x 0.5 degrees, calculating for each quarter from the corresponding number of measured data: the mean, standard deviation and the coefficient of variation. Based on the physical parameters, the degree of anthropogenic impact, chlorophyll-a concentration, bathymetry etc., four categories of the Romanian Black Sea waters types were identified: RO-TT03 - the northern part, marine waters under the direct influence of the Danube, at depths of at least 30 m; RO-CT01 - the marine waters from the central to the southern area (Portita down to Vama Veche), from the baseline to 30 m isobath; RO-MT01 - that corresponds to the inner and the outer shelf marine area from the 30 m to the 100 m isobaths and RO-MT02 - the perimeter for the type of offshore seawater located at depths of at least 100 m.
Domains: hydrography
Concepts: WATER Black Sea STRATEGY regions water FRAMEWORK
Expressions: water body monitoring system
Places: Black Sea
Organizations: European Union
Created: 2017-05-04 10:00:53.551 by: Generation Service
Phytoplankton are crucial to marine ecosystem functioning and are important indicators of environmental change. Phytoplankton data are also essential for informing management and policy, particularly in supporting the new generation of marine legislative drivers, which take a holistic ecosystem approach to management. The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) seeks to achieve Good Environmental Status (GES) of European seas through the implementation of such a management approach. This is a regional scale directive which recognises the importance of plankton communities in marine ecosystems; plankton data at the appropriate spatial, temporal and taxonomic scales are therefore required for implementation. The Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) survey is a multidecadal, North Atlantic basin scale programme which routinely records approximately 300 phytoplankton taxa. Because of these attributes, the survey plays a key role in the implementation of the MSFD and the assessment of GES in the Northeast Atlantic region. This paper addresses the role of the CPR's phytoplankton time-series in delivering GES through the development and informing of MSFD indicators, the setting of targets against a background of climate change and the provision of supporting information used to interpret change in non-plankton indicators. We also discuss CPR data in the context of other phytoplankton data types that may contribute to GES, as well as explore future possibilities for the use of new and innovative applications of CPR phytoplankton datasets in delivering GES. Efforts must be made to preserve long-term time series, such as the CPR, which supply vital ecological information used to informed evidence-based environmental policy. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Domains: marine biology
Concepts: phytoplankton GES CPR survey
Expressions: MSFD indicator Continuous Plankton Recorder
Organizations: Elsevier Ltd.
Created: 2017-04-18 10:28:59.718 by: Generation Service
Oficial periodic report for the volcano Flegrei: Bollettino_Flegrei_2014_09_09.pdf
Domains: economia termini burocratici
Concepts: Dipartimento della Protezione Civile eventi giorni Dipartimento Campi Flegrei stazione settembre N.D. prodotti magnitudo
Expressions: all settembre n Long ipocentri dei terremoti serie temporale delle variazioni
Places: Campi Flegrei
Created: 2017-11-16 13:48:49.163 by: Iolanda Maggio
Expressions: MYtest dfsfsda